As of December 2016, the state maintains a 5,582-bus fleet with the average vehicle in service being fifteen years old (the national average is six) having logged 236,000 miles. While nominally democratic, from 1790 until 1865, wealthy landowners were in control of South Carolina. In February, 1778, South Carolina became the first state to ratify the Articles of Confederation, the initial governing document of the United States, and in May 1788, South Carolina ratified the United States Constitution, becoming the eighth state to enter the union. South Carolina has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), although high-elevation areas in the Upstate area have fewer subtropical characteristics than areas on the Atlantic coastline. This is an annual concern during hurricane season, which lasts from June 1 to November 30. These tribes were village-dwellers, relying on agriculture as their primary food source. , South Carolina is named in honor of King Charles I of England, who first formed the English colony, with Carolus being Latin for "Charles".. However, South Carolina experienced a much less violent movement than other Southern states. The Blue Ridge Escarpment receives the most average total measurable snowfall; amounts range from 7 to 12 inches. Many of these settlers preferred a natural life far from civilization and the atrocities of the Wars of Religion. During the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), about a third of combat action took place in South Carolina, more than in any other state. Hampton Inn & Suites Carolina Beach Oceanfront, Microtel Inn & Suites by Wyndham Carolina Beach. Some members of the convention realized prominent white families with some African ancestry could be affected by such legislation. , South Carolina averages around 50 days of thunderstorm activity a year. Virginian legislators adopted a one-drop law in 1924, forgetting that their state had many people of mixed ancestry among those who identified as white.  This was done to suppress Klan violence against African-American and white voters in the South. The federal Force Bill was enacted to use whatever military force necessary to enforce federal law in the state, bringing South Carolina back into line. More than 60,000 served, and the state lost nearly one-third of the white male population of fighting age.. It was the first European settlement in what is now mainland USA. Coastal areas of the state have very mild winters, with high temperatures approaching an average of 60 °F (16 °C) and overnight lows around 40 °F (5–8 °C). ", "QuickFacts South Carolina; UNITED STATES", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Population of South Carolina: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts", "South Carolina QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", "The Economic and Social Implications of the Growing Latino Population in South Carolina", ""Mexican Immigrants: The New Face of the South Carolina Labor Force", "Florida is about to ban sanctuary cities. On October 19, 1871, President Ulysses S. Grant suspended habeas corpus in nine South Carolina counties under the authority of the Ku Klux Klan Act.  Half of the state's school buses are more than 15 years old and some are reportedly up to 30 years old. With urbanization, their governments have become increasingly important in the state.. , In 2015, the national average SAT score was 1490 and the South Carolina average was 1442, 48 points lower than the national average. Winter temperatures are much less uniform in South Carolina. In 1877, the federal government withdrew its troops as part of the Compromise of 1877 that ended Reconstruction. Studies show that South Carolina is among a string of "Deep South" states that will experience the worst effects of climate change. , According to the United States Census Bureau, as of 2019, South Carolina had an estimated population of 5,148,714, which is an increase of 64,587 from the prior year and an increase of 523,350, or 11.31%, since the year 2010. Higher water levels are eroding beaches, submerging low lands, and exacerbating coastal flooding. , Lincoln was elected president on November 6, 1860. The bays tend to be oval, lining up in a northwest to southeast orientation. As of 2015, South Carolina had one of the lowest percentages among all states of women in state legislature, at 13.5% (only Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Wyoming had a lower percentage; the national average is 24.3%; with the highest percentage being in Colorado at 41%).  The Fortune 1000 list includes SCANA, Sonoco Products and ScanSource. Colonists overthrew the proprietors' rule, seeking more direct representation. Mills built to harness this resource encouraged the growth of several cities, including the capital, Columbia. South Carolina, officially separated from North Carolina in 1729, was the scene of extensive military action during the Revolution and again during the Civil War. In 1562 French Huguenots established a settlement at what is now the Charlesfort-Santa Elena archaeological site on Parris Island. By the second half of the 1700s, South Carolina was one of the richest of the Thirteen Colonies.. The natural areas of the coastal plain are part of the Middle Atlantic coastal forests ecoregion. The state is also home to numerous minor league professional teams. By 1896, only 5,500 black voters remained on the voter registration rolls, although they constituted a majority of the state's population. , As of the 2017 census estimate, the racial make up of the state is 68.5% White (63.8% non-Hispanic white), 27.3% Black or African American, 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 1.9% from two or more races. South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution on May 23, 1788. In 1926 the governor's term was extended from two to four years; in 1982 the governor was allowed to run for a second succeeding term. During the constitutional convention in 1895, he supported another man's proposal that the state adopt a one-drop rule, as well as prohibit marriage between whites and anyone with any known African ancestry. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. The state is occasionally affected by tropical cyclones. As dissatisfaction with the federal government grew, in the 1820s John C. Calhoun became a leading proponent of states' rights, limited government, nullification of the U.S. Constitution, and free trade. The Home Rule Act of 1975 implemented the amendment giving more power to the counties. South Carolina also has performing art venues including the Peace Center in Greenville, the Koger Center for the Arts in Columbia, and the Newberry Opera House, among others to bring local, national, and international talent to the stages of South Carolina. As each county had one state senator, that person had considerable power. They established public education, welfare institutions, and home rule for counties, expanding democracy. Richard H. Pildes, "Democracy, Anti-Democracy, and the Canon", Historical Census Browser, 1900 US Census, University of Virginia, "South Carolina: The Decline of Agriculture and the Rise of Jim Crowism", "Non Payment Policy for Deliveries Prior to 39 weeks: Birth Outcomes Initiative | SC DHHS", Same-sex marriage begins in South Carolina, "The South Carolina Arts Commission – Economic Impact", "Religious composition of adults in South Carolina", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Religious Congregations & Membership Study", "Baha'i infusion Louis G. Gregory was a key Baha'i figure in Charleston", "statedatalab.org: "The 24th worst state" Truth in Accounting", "List of Right To Work States | Right to Work States Meaning", "SCDOT: Statewide Transportation Improvement Program", "SC Supreme Court finds for poor districts in 20-year-old school equity suit", "Update South Carolina's decrepit school bus fleet", "EPA Awards South Carolina $1.1 Million For Cleaner School Buses", "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2010 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2009 to FY 2010", US Census, US National Center for Health Statistics, 2005, "Kaiser State Health Facts, based on Amer.